Rossio is the liveliest square in the city, where individuals stop to sit and unwind, or for a beverage at the few barometrical bistros with open air sitting (the most famous is the workmanship deco Cafe Nicola on the western side).
Authoritatively named Praça Dom Pedro IV, this square has been known as Rossio (signifying ‘vast open square’) subsequent to its creation in the Middle Ages, and it is still normally alluded to in that capacity. Rossio the most vivacious square in the city and it is lined with clamoring bistros and shops.
On either side of the square are two elaborate wellsprings, and in the focal point is a landmark measuring 27 meters in stature. It comprises of a platform with marble purposeful anecdotes of Justice, Wisdom, Strength, and Moderation, qualities ascribed to Dom Pedro IV, whose statue remains on top of the landmark.
In the nineteenth century the square was cleared with cobblestones in wave designs, a configuration seen today in numerous different asphalts all over Portugal, and that has spread to Portugal’s previous settlements from Rio de Janeiro (Brazil) to Macao (China).
On the north side of the square is the Dona Maria II National Theater, a momentous neoclassical building implicit the 1840s. The porch has six Ionic segments (initially from the Church of St. Francis, obliterated in the 1755 seismic tremor), and delegated the pediment is a statue of writer Gil Vicente.